Quotas in Fishing: Protecting Ocean Life


Fishing is an important activity that provides food and jobs for many people around the world. However, overfishing can harm ocean life and reduce the number of fish available for future generations. To prevent this, many countries use fishing quotas. A quota is a limit on the amount of fish that can be caught.

Fishing quotas help protect ocean life by ensuring that fish populations are not overexploited. By setting quotas, governments can control the number of fish caught each year. This helps maintain a healthy balance in the ocean ecosystem.

Quotas are often based on scientific research. Scientists study fish populations and their habitats. They provide data on how many fish can be safely caught without harming the species. This information is used to set the quotas.

For example, in Europe, the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) sets quotas for different fish species. These quotas are reviewed and adjusted each year based on the latest scientific advice. Fishermen must follow these quotas to avoid overfishing.

Fishing quotas are an extensive effort to protect marine life. They reinforce sustainable fishing practices and help ensure that future generations can continue to enjoy seafood. By managing fish populations carefully, we can protect our oceans and the creatures that live in them.

Reading-Checkup Quizzes

  1. What is a fishing quota?
    • a) A type of fish
    • b) A limit on the amount of fish that can be caught
    • c) A fishing tool
    • d) A type of fishing boat
  2. Why are fishing quotas important?
    • a) To increase the number of fishing boats
    • b) To protect ocean life and fish populations
    • c) To teach people how to fish
    • d) To sell more fish in markets
  3. Who provides data for setting fishing quotas?
    • a) Fishermen
    • b) Governments
    • c) Scientists
    • d) Tourists

B, B, C

Interactive Activity

Watch the Video:
NZ’s Fishing Quota Management System (approx. 1:18 minutes)


  1. What do you think are the biggest challenges and benefits of using fishing quotas to protect ocean life?